tom: good evening. we begin in israel and the palestinian territories, where in separate incidents today, israeli troops shot dead six palestinians and wounded others. a knife wielding jewish men wounded 4 arabs. the past 10 days have resulted in the deaths of 4 israelis. israeli and palestinian residents are calling for calm on both sides but the tensions are showing no signs of dying down. more on today's events. reporter: what we know is something like 1000 protesters came to the border of gaza, they places, andt two approaching defense is a dangerous activity but they said they were doing it in solidarity with their brethren in gaza. what we saw was israeli soldiers
shooting, and they admitted they shot live fire straight into the crowd. nevertheless, it took six hours for the crowd to disperse. deaths,ion to those there were a large number of people injured. what the danger is of this -- you have to remember, this is the largest number of people who have been killed in gaza since the war of 2014. and the war of 2014 actually really began in the west bank, in fact, in jerusalem, with all the unrest here. there is a fear that this could open the gaza war or the gaza border of again. we did have the prime minister there calling for a third intifada. it is interesting, he is calling for a third intifada, not instituting one. but it has ratcheted up the tension one more notch. nearly five years have passed since the tunisian street
vendor set himself on fire, sparking a wave of unrest which eventually toppled the country's strongman good today it was announced that the recipient of this year's nobel peace prize is national dialogue quartet, a civil society group helping to build democracy in the country. the nobel panel said the award is intended to encourage the tunisian people. there have been words of praise across the globe. here is what french president francois hollande had to say. : with thisollande prize from all the countries involved in the arab spring remember what they haven't been able to do and what tunisia has, free and fair elections and an established democracy. today i am pleased for all tunisians, because those people in the quartet, those organizations, i met before becoming president and after, and i know what the significance of the prize means. and i want to congratulate those involved, who today have been
truly recognized for what they have done in tunisia. tom: president francois hollande speaking there. more now on how the announcement has gone down in tunisia itself. enormous it was an surprise for the tunisians to receive this nobel peace prize. they did not expect the reward. some of them did not know national dialogue was nominated for the award, and some of them did not even know that the nobel peace prize was going to be awarded today. >> the nobel peace prize? is that right? was that today? >> it really is a great thing for the image of tunisia, especially overseas. reporter: behind me, the headquarters of the workers union. one of the members of the quartet that was leading the national dialogue -- this quartet led to the solution for the political crisis in 2013.
they brought the political parties together, they made them talk, and they made them find a negotiated solution. >> it was difficult, but it is a precious achievement. i think it is an award for all the tunisian people and for the spirits of tunisia. we thought of achieving this political dialogue, and when we got these results, we were really moved. reporter: so this nobel peace prize came to reward tunisia but specifically the tunisians in civil society, the civil society that was silenced under b en ali before 2011 and that grew ever more powerful in the years after the revolution, civil society that is ever more important. reporting therefrom tunis. the president of belarus has praised his compatriot and arch critic, svetlana alexievich, who is been awarded the nobel prize
for literature. says he doesn't hold the criticism against her. long-term of the damage she was the soviet era has done and continues to do. alexievich: people come to me and say they are pleased therewith about book because it helps them better understand what is going on in russia, who these people are, why they are the way they are, why they gave up on freedom once again, why nothing is working out for them. and that is what i wanted. i wanted to explain that the romanticism we had in the 1990's when europe thought russia had opened up to the world and russia thought it would immediately become different, that those days are over now. and everyone realizes and understands that, well, there is a serious challenge facing us all now.
that was svetlana alex ovechkin speaking to -- svetlana alex ovechkin speaking to -- svetlana alexievich speaking to "france 24." 2 jets dropped bombs on a training camp in rocket and mortar attacks will follow. reporter: french troops gearing up for a second mission in syria. have struck what france calls the jihadist capital in northern syria. french authorities say a training center dedicated to suicide attacks has been destroyed. the french defense minister warns france will launch more airstrikes in the region. >> it is from syria that the islamic state is plotting attacks. it is train foreign fighters there and its mission is to come here and strike france.
group.my is the i.s. bashar al-assad is the enemy of the syrian people. he is responsible for the chaos. reporter: france also accuses russia of propping up the syrian longtime ally. french authorities say up to 90% of russian airstrikes don't target the islamic state group, but syrian rebels. in these amateur videos, i witnesses say russian warplanes bombed provinces that are not controlled by i.s. -- but thate near line near one of bashar al-assad's strongholds. syrian state television has reported that government troops are gaining more ground, specifically in idlib, thanks to the russian air force. tom: it cost 500 million u.s. dollars, but nine months after
the pentagon launched its program to train thousands of syrian rebels, the initiative is being shelved. the u.s. effort has been complicated by russia's aerial bombardment in syria, which the pentagon says has been targeting all opponents of president bashar al-assad. speaking at a news conference in london, u.s. defense secretary ashton carter said various new approaches are being devised. secretary carter: with respect to the issue of training forces in syria that will take the fight to isil in a syrian territory, that is an important ingredient of our overall counter-isil strategy and the united states remains committed to that. we have been looking for several weeks at ways to improve the program. i wasn't satisfied with the early efforts in that regard. we are looking at different ways to achieve basically the same kind of strategic objective, which is the right one in which capable, motivated
forces on the ground to retake and reclaimom isil syrian territory from extremism. secretarydefense speaking there. in washington our reporter brings us this latest analysis. reporter: confusion as to the wording of this program. they are not calling it a termination, but rather, a shifting of focus, or a revamping of this program, which obviously has been moving much too slowly and not satisfying the secretary of defense, ashton .arter american officials basically not wanting to lead anybody to believe they are simply abandoning the idea of helping the so-called moderate syrian rebels, but rather, at this point they are looking at different options and models which have function, for
instance, the help that has been brought to the kurdish fighters in the north of syria, who have been helped, for instance, by aerial strikes led by the americans, and have successfully pushed back against the islamic state organization. that is one idea. another one would be distantly take a selected number of syrian rebels leaders and teach them how to coordinate airstrikes from the ground. those are the options being considered. american officials are openly, publicly exposing their frustration, if another disappointment, at the slow pace of this program, which was meant to see hundreds of millions of dollars budgeted towards training and agreement of moderate syrian rebels -- training and equipment of moderate syrian rebels. it is far from having met expectations, especially as the russians, in comparison to the russian operations, which has
been intensifying over the past few days. central european leaders are calling on brussels to do more to help with the ongoing flow of migrants. so far this year, more than half a million have crossed the mediterranean to europe. eritrean asylum-seekers have been relocated from italy to sweden, the first such instance in a new european scheme. reporter: the airport in northern sweden, the last stop that these 19 migrants, five long and 14 men, on their journey from eritrea. they've been rescued at sea over recent weeks and registered on this island before they flew to sweden from this airport in rome. the group hope to claim asylum and start a new life in the scandinavian country. >> i want to find the opportunities i do not have in eritrea and capitalize on it by studying law. >> they know they will arrive in
sweden legally on a plane without having to pay a trafficker, smuggler, and this is a very important thing for them. reporter: they are the first to benefit from the eu's relocation plan, which aims to ease the burden on southern border states could friday was a transfer the to-- a chance for the bloc show they are responding to the migrant crisis. >> now we have a very comprehensive policy on migration. we have this relocation and resettlement scheme that must be respected by everybody. reporter: what is the first arrivals touchdown, host country sweden said that it, too, was feeling the strain of migration flows. there is nothing to indicate that the number of people will diminish in the near future, and if this continues at the same pace as now, over 150,000 asylum-seekers are expected to come to sweden over the course of this year.
sweden says it is really struggling to find suitable housing for migrants and is starting to erect tents, which the government pledges will be ready and heated for winter. tom: for more, we can speak to a professor from the university of a versailles, who is a specialist on migration flows. thank you very much for speaking to us. do you think this sounds like a workable solution being proposed by the european union to resettle migrants from one country to another? >> well, for now it will be. we are talking about a limited number of migrants and refugees so i see no reason why this won't be working, especially they havehis case, expensive resettling refugees. they have been doing so for at least 20 years, the leader when it comes to resettlement. i see no reason why this video settlement would go wrong. the question is what to do with the future flows of refugees.
has designed a short-term solution that will only apply to 150,000 people, so the question is, what next? tom: well, what is the eu need to do in that case, in your view? this is tackling a very small number of people, and we're talking about hundreds of thousands of migrants. >> absolutely. that is what the eu should have been last month, set up a project in the eu, permanent mechanisms within the eu member states it clearly some even never states, especially in central europe, didn't want that, so they have gone for this short-term temporary solution, but the problem will rise again in a new flows of refugees will come to the shores of europe. sweden is one of
the countries that shoulders the largest part of the burden, along with germany, in terms of the numbers going there. are there certain countries that stand out in europe as doing next to nothing, in your view, countries that are not doing their bit to help? >> well, clearly, yeah. comes to mindthat is the united kingdom, and central and eastern european countries who have refused to take in the refugees. the question is from these countries, central and eastern is the euountries, going to send refugees to countries that don't want them? that seems difficult to envision to me. tom: thank you for speaking to us. thank you again. >> thank you. are running high in guinea as the country gears up for the presidential election, the west african nation's second ever democratic vote.
the incumbent is calling on its supporters to come out in full force but the opposition is warning about possible electoral fraud. clashes between supporters of the president and the opposition claimed the lives of at least two people yesterday. andperson has been killed three others injured at a college in the united states. an 18-year-old student is reported to have opened fire earlier on this afternoon at the northern arizona university campus. the suspected gunman is now in custody. the shooting happened as president obama prepared to visit roseburg in oregon, where nine people were killed just last weekend at a shooting at a community college. news we are following for you at texas southern university, shooting incident has occurred there. the police are searching for a suspect who carried out the shooting at a student housing complex. texas southern university. details still coming in to us. we understand one person has been killed, one other is injured.
very few details coming to us at this stage. these pictures coming to us from the university of texas. staying in the united states, finding a replacement for the speaker of the house of representatives is proving rather divisive for the republican party. the process has been further complicated by the surprise announcement by front-runner kevin mccarthy that he is pulling out of the race altogether. clare murphy tells us what that means. clare: a republican election meeting ending in chaos and inviting on capitol hill. once more, questions are being raised about the party's ability to govern. kevin mccarthy was the hotly tipped candidate, but with the gaffes,reputation for commentators said he was pushed aside by the conservative faction. >> i've been talking to a number of members who have been thinking about this throughout the week and i just think we have a new face. >> kevin mccarthy had the vast 'sjority of the conference
confidence and votes, but he has made a decision that i believe he could not get to 18. clare: as the battle to replace john boehner gets personal, former allies have been trading barbs as they promise to reform a fractured party. >> i think the conference has to unite behind a plan, and we will have those discussions in the coming weeks. but ultimately, we are trying to build consensus here. clare: as the drama continues, and was the u.s. presidential primary season soon to begin, democrats can't look on with some amusement. >> it certainly is easy to poke fun at the chaos. clare: but political observers one that bitter washington brinkmanship continues to pose risks. the recent planned parenthood controversy raising the specter of another government shutdown, despite polls indicating seven out of 10 american voters oppose any such move. we still don't know very much about the most distant
planet in the solar system, but nasa scientist have made discoveries suggest that pluto and our planet have more in common with each other than previously thought. the new horizons spacecraft hasn't been to back photographs back photographs of the torque, showing blue skies and frozen water, the first colored images of the atmospheric hazes. blue skies and frozen water on pluto. these pictures just in from outer space. let's get a recap of our top stories on "france 24." 10 days of the violence -- israeli troops killed palestinians in clashes in gaza, while a jewish man stabbed 4 in israel. national dialogue quartet has been awarded the 2015 nobel peace prize. and relocated within europe, a group of asylum-seekers from eritrea are moved from italy to sweden as part of a new eu
resettlement program. time now for a check of top business news stories. markus karlsson joins me. good evening to you, marcus. we begin in the capital of peru, lima. what is going on? markus: we are seeing eye high-level meeting of central bankers and finance ministers from around the world, for the annual meeting of the international monetary fund and world bank, in connection with friday's opening, finance officials from the 20 biggest economies, the g 20, endorsed a plan to crack down on tax planning a major multinationals. the plan seeks to close loopholes that enable $250 billion each year go untaxed, according to estimates. it follows sharp criticism of companies like google, amazon, and apple as well, who have reduced their tax bill while remaining within the law. toe critics say the plan is fluid, but the participants themselves say it is historic.
when theyare fed up see large international business is avoiding paying taxes in any jurisdiction. so this isn't about whether you have low taxes or high taxes. this is about paying your taxes. i think we have achieved something pretty historic here, because as i say, these things are normally impossible in they areonal fora, and a reminder of why institutions like the g-20 are so valuable. britain'sat was finance minister george osborne, speaking in lima, peru. another topic on the agenda is the search for billions of dollars to fight climate change. spotlight as the less than two months to go until the united nations climate conference in paris. rich countries have pledged to help poorer ones, but in your report shows they are falling well short of the target -- a new report shows they are falling well short of the target. reporter: of all the hurdles on
the road to paris, here is one that could really trip to deal up, money. to reduce co2 output and adapt to a changing limit, we need a lot of cash. in 2009, wealthy countries had a bright idea. since because most of the missions, we will pay the developing world. the promised $100 billion per year by 2020. the u.n. created its own piggy bank known as the green climate fund. ofay it has raised just 1/10 the target, and some rich nations still haven't put their money where their mouth is. luckily, there is other sources for these climate finances, bringing it up to $62 billion. because the private sector has started seeing dollar signs in the transition to a greener economy, it soon may be time to add an extra zero. according to the international energy agency, the world needs
$1 trillion per year between now and 2015 to stave off the worst effects of climate change. markus: there we go, and insight into climate finance. air france has resumed talks with the unions representing the french flag carriers pilots. the airline wants to secure a deal to cut costs and make savings. there was a standoff earlier this week, as you probably -- angry staffan members mobbed senior managers. they were protesting the loss of 2900 jobs. the airline says it had no choice. the french government put pressure on the two sides to come back to the negotiating table, where they now are. meanwhile, air france is trying to restore its public image, sending an e-mail to customers and also releasing a video online. it features one of the .xecutives who were mobbed he says the images from earlier this week are not representative
of the airline. it is reported more than half a billion people have seen the pictures of monday's violence, something that air france, or an image that air france is trying to turn around. let's look at the markets next pit american in this is seen taking a little bit of a breather this session, following solid gains from earlier this week. the american markets are firmly in positive territory. the dow jones industrial average this session, very flat. up,nasdaq ever so slightly quarter of a percent or so. the s&p 500 is also flat. a little bit below the flat line. investors are focusing on the federal reserve, the minutes from its latest policy meeting released on thursday, indicating that an interest rate hike may be further away than thought. it seems to be part of the reason we are seeing some slight gains. european markets are seen to benefit from the federal reserve minutes and establishments could all the major indices on this
10/09/15 10/09/15 [captioning made possible by democracy now!] amy: from pacifica, this is democracy now! >> the norwegian nobel committee has decided that the nobel peace prize for 2015 is to be awarded to the tunisian national for its quartet decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in tunisia in the wake of the revolution of 2011.